Like it or not, 2021 is a year of plentiful latest advancements, approaches and trends in the software development world. Going at the speed at which a number of them are rising at the moment, its most likely that 2021 is going to be the year some of those trends detonate and become standards. Right from the rising popularity of AI and consequently the acclaim of the Web of Things, to the moving idea of outsourcing services, there are many aspirations around what 2021 will bring.
Applying new development methods in accordance with customer requirements and integration of top-notch technologies, are essential markers of where ventures should concentrate their efforts on. Each year dictates new trending software development technologies and being inactive is not an option. Getting to the top and being the leader in current trending technologies in software is the only solution to have an edge over competitors and meet the needs of your clients.
Here listed are software development industry analysis to introspect what software trends are dominating in 2021.
Year by year there are increasing incidents of cyber-attacks and cybersecurity specialists are challenged every year in coming up with new solutions to cope with them. Cyber attacking methods are becoming more and more advanced no matter how much developed defences become. For numerous businesses, the transition to remote working increased the risk of breaches due to the higher usage of home networks and personal devices. There are few projections, that we consider might impact the cybersecurity world in 2021:
Cloud breaches. Most of the businesses are transferring to the cloud because of COVID-19 pandemic. Cloud services providers ought to be ready to face new challenges since there is a great possibility of significant increase in cloud breaches due to weak security practices in cloud configurations that could result in such weaknesses.
5G sector. 5G is complex and new, as the next generation of mobile connectivity and internet. Certainly, it will have a massive impact on regions like defence facilities, smart cities or intelligent power grids. It is apparent that 5G needs strong consideration towards security.
Cyber insurance. The increasing amount of cyberattacks will in turn generate a solid demand for cyber insurance policies to mitigate the potential losses. In the US, certain companies have obtained such an insurance and this market is expected to grow through 2021.
Preventing attacks. It is obvious that future of security lies in a pre-emptive approach and is crucial to prevent attacks rather than deal with their results in the aftermath.
In order to provide them with a better and more enhanced customer experience, Artificial Intelligence umbrellas a host of different technologies that are able to process large amounts of customers’ data. 50% of respondents stated that their organizations have already adopted AI in one function at a minimum according to the 2020 McKinsey State of AI survey. Hence, what will be the AI software trends in 2021?
There might be an increase in computer vision applications in order to monitor public spaces through cameras and data sensors. The apps will be able even to monitor social distancing in the post-pandemic world with the help of artificial neural networks.
Industries can get access to the sales data of thousands of customers and find out their preferences with the help of AI algorithms. To discover their potential customers, predictive analytics combined with computational power will be widely adopted by companies.
Customer centres will adopt greater amounts of Neuro-linguistic programming (NLP) and automated speech recognition (ASR) due to increased remote work as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic.
To automate rule-based business processes, Robotics will be widely implemented in finance, KPO, marketing and manufacturing.
The Internet of Things is nothing but the interconnectivity of computer devices in everyday objects with assistance of the Internet. By 2025 there will be 65 billion IoT devices worldwide according to Business. Due to its ability to collect large amounts of data from sensors, process and transfer it through cloud networks the technology has already aggressively been used in various industries. This process is flawless, ensures no delays, high security, and develops an interactive UI experience. Other than the usual application of IoT (smart devices, predictive support on mobile platforms, biometric cybersecurity sensors, smart home security systems etc), we will experience the rise of its usage in remote work organization and the healthcare industry in 2021. The importance of digital and remote healthcare was intensified with the advent of COVID-19. Individuals have become more willing to make use of wearable for regular check-ups, patients and health professionals have received the ability to timely share clinical care guidelines. This process will be strongly enhanced by upcoming 5G and smarter hardware technologies. The original equipment manufacturers too have also begun investing in the advancement of IoT-enabled products such as installing Bluetooth into wheelchairs, hospital beds among others.
Certain studies have shown that there are forty times more bytes in this world than the stars in this observable universe. Experts have forecasted that global Big Data market will reach $70 billion by the end of 2021 and $250 billion by 2025. It will be only a matter of time when you will begin to use it in your business routine as it could become an essential part of contemporary business processes soon. However, 2021, may witness the development of Big Data in a big way:
• In-Memory Computation. In-Memory Computation is a unique way to speed up analytics. The most obvious advantage of this method is the Real-time processing. The data can be queried at a rate more than 100 times faster than any of the existing solutions because all processes flow on the data stored in RAM. This could assist the businesses to make appropriate decisions and act immediately.
• Augmented Analytics. Augmented analytics merge Machine Learning to AI tools along with frameworks to existing BI toolkits. This substantially reduces the time needed for data preparation and cleaning. Business users could obtain day-to-date insights immediately from the tool, conserving a lot of time for data scientists.
Progressive Web Applications are much faster and lighter to download than conventional apps. At the same time, they offer similar to native apps user experience, and notification sending option. Progressive web apps increase user engagement to 137% and can operate offline. As an incentive the specific functionality of PWAs is that there is no necessity for to update their apps, they get updated automatically every time they are visited. From the development point of view, this type of application is time-saving and cost-effective, it does not need separate versions for different devices. As compared to a native app This usually results in 3 or 4 times lower costs.
Big companies like The Washington Post, Starbucks, Forbes, Pinterest etc have successful been using the technology in their business processes already.
Java has reached the dominating position among the top software development technologies in demand after its appearance in the software development world in the mid-’90s.
Java has been adopted by a big number of enterprises due to its high security level. Java gains support for its app development from leading service providers as Google, Microsoft, and Amazon. It is popular not only because of its security but for the automatic memory allocation, high degree of stability, extremely wide use in Android App Development, and a wide range of open-source libraries. It also has a high degree of platform independence thanks to its JVM feature. Because of this feature, most of the popular programming languages such as Scala, Kotlin, and Groovy make use of JVM as their runtime. Java has no competitors at present in the matters of stability and trust. It remains as one of the top software trends in 2021, so it encourages developers to master every single latest technology in Java programming.
According to the PYPL index, Python takes the primary place among the most popular languages with the biggest percentage of growth (19%) (the popularity of programming language index that analyses how often language tutorials are searched in Google).
Being one of the easiest programming languages to learn, Python continues attracting more and more newbies who are eager to master it. Without any doubt, it can be named one of the latest trends in IT industry software. Moreover, it’s the most-wanted language to learn among the developers, according to the survey held by Stack Overflow. Python has already reached its highest position so far, taking 3rd place in the chart according to the TIOBE index, in February 2020. Python gives multiple opportunities for web and desktop app development to arranging system operations as owning a wide range of software libraries that can be dropped into a code and scaled to large applications.
In the long run, TIOBE even predicts Python becoming number one among the most trending software development technologies, of course.